Wed. Jan 26th, 2022

Real-World Applications of Fiber Optics

In the medical sector, optical fibers are extensively utilized for diagnosing and treating a broad range of illnesses. Optical fibers may be manufactured into flexible strands and inserted into blood arteries, lungs, and other areas of the body due to their thin and flexible nature. Optic fibers have made it possible for doctors to use an Endoscope, a small incision-making tool, to see and operate within the body. In medicine, an endoscope is a long, thin tube that has two bundles of optical fibers within it. While one bundle of optical fiber transmits the light reflected from the tissue under examination, a second bundle of optical fiber focuses it towards the tissue under examination. This creates a clear picture of the tissue under examination. Endoscopes may be custom-made to examine just a certain part of the body. Physicians may utilize the Endoscope’s optical fibers, for example, to check joints like the knees and shoulders.


Using the Arthroscope is a medical procedure known as arthroscopy (pronounce ahr-THROS-kuh-pee). A succession of lenses and optical fiber bundles ranging in size from 1/12 to 1/5 inch are found on this instrument, which is cylinder-shaped and straight (2 to 5 millimeters). Using an Arthroscope, a joint in the body may be inspected, such as a knee or ankle or an elbow or a hip or a shoulder. An Arthroscope is introduced via a tiny incision into a joint to perform this procedure. Optic fibers send light to the Arthroscope’s tip, which illuminates the joint. Using an Arthroscope and optical fiber, a doctor may inspect a joint in great detail in order to make a diagnosis or start therapy.
In addition to being utilized in surgical operations, the Arthroscope’s optical fibers can detect temperature and other physiological characteristics. Torn cartilage in the knee is the most frequent issue Arthroscopy treats. Once an Arthroscope’s optic fiber is inserted, a second incision is made to remove the cartilage using other surgical tools, and this is how it works. Optic fibers in Arthroscopic surgery have the main benefit of allowing the procedure to be done via a tiny incision, resulting in less pain for the patient and a faster recovery period than with other techniques of surgery.
The ability of optical fibers to be introduced into blood arteries to provide a fast and accurate blood chemical analysis is another frequently utilized function in the medical profession apart from the usage of Endoscopes and Arthroscopes. Laser light focused on a wound to halt bleeding or burn away aberrant tissue has also been discovered to have medicinal applications by doctors. In the medical sector, fiber optic training is required. In medical research, optic fiber is being used more and more often to create new and better medical equipment so that doctors may better serve their patients.
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